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Groundwater Seepage Measurements in Northeast Section of Bear Lake, Muskegon County, Michigan, October 2015

November 17, 2017

Five discrete groundwater seepage measurements were collected to make a direct measurement of the flux of water across the sediment-water interface. Change in volume/time is the volumetric rate of flow. The volumetric rate of flow was used to calculate flux velocity (distance/time), by dividing the specific area of the seepage meter (2.70-square-feet). The change in volume over the time the seepage test was conducted is the volumetric flow rate of ground water seepage. Flux velocity could be multiplied by the study area to acquire a shallow groundwater flux.

Citation Information

Publication Year 2017
Title Groundwater Seepage Measurements in Northeast Section of Bear Lake, Muskegon County, Michigan, October 2015
DOI 10.5066/F73J3BVJ
Authors Christopher J. Hoard, Joseph W Duris, Alexander R. Totten, Jessica M. Maurer
Product Type Data Release
Record Source USGS Digital Object Identifier Catalog
USGS Organization Upper Midwest Water Science Center

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