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High-resolution seismic data acquired at northern Ano Nuevo, California

September 19, 2022

The U.S. Geological Survey acquired high-resolution P- and S-wave seismic data across the Frijoles Fault strand of the San Gregorio Fault Zone (SGFZ) at northern Ano Nuevo, California in 2012. SGFZ is a right-lateral fault system that is mainly offshore, and prior studies provide highly variable slip estimates, which indicates uncertainty about the seismic hazard it poses. Therefore, the primary goal of the seismic survey was to better understand the structure and geometry of the onshore section of the Frijoles Fault strand of the SGFZ. We deployed 118 geophones (channels) at 5-m spacing along a linear profile centered on the mapped surface trace of the Frijoles Fault and co-located active P- and S-wave sources at ~1-m offset from the geophones. Channel numbers increase from west to east along the profile. We generated P-waves using either a seisgun (, accessed August 2022) or an accelerated weight-drop and S-waves by horizontally striking an aluminum block on both sides with a sledgehammer. We first deployed vertical-component geophones (40-Hz, SercelTM L40A, sensitivity of 22.34 volts/meter/second) to record P-wave sources, after which we replaced the vertical-component geophones with horizontal-component geophones (4.5-Hz, SercelTM L28-LBH, sensitivity of 31.3 volts/meter/second) to record S-wave sources. Refraction cables connected all geophones to two 60-channel Geometrics Stratavisor NX-60TM seismographs with 24-bit analog-to-digital converters. Each shot was recorded at a 0.5-ms sampling rate for two seconds, with data recording at 100 ms before the actual time of the shot. This data release provides the metadata needed to utilize the seismic data. Data Format and Files We combined seismic traces for a given shot time into shot gathers, and the traces in each shot gather are ordered by channel numbers (1-118) based on the position of the geophones along the profile. Furthermore, we assigned a unique field number (FFID) to each shot gather, and we combined the shot gathers recorded from both seismographs into two SEG-Y files (Barry et al., 1975), 78023.segy (channels 1 to 60) and marine.segy (channels 61 to 118), which are stored in big-Endian, 4-byte IBM-floating-point format (format code 1). Data samples are in millivolts and can be converted to velocity using the geophone sensitivity values. Metadata for all profiles are contained in two text files and one xml file: PIE12.setup.csv, PIE12.location.csv, and PIE12Metadata.xml. The setup file describes the identification of shots recorded by the two seismographs, channel number, recording stations (geophones), and the source type for both SEG-Y files. The location file describes the channel number, latitude, and longitude of all geophone locations. Reference Barry, K.M., Cavers, D.A., and Kneale, C.W., 1975, Recommended standards for digital tape formats: Geophysics, vol. 40, no. 2, p. 344-352, doi: 10.1190/1.1440530.

Citation Information

Publication Year 2022
Title High-resolution seismic data acquired at northern Ano Nuevo, California
DOI 10.5066/P9O3WD25
Authors Chan Joanne H, Catchings Rufus D, Goldman Mark R, Rymer Michael J, Criley Coyn J, Sickler Robert R
Product Type Data Release
Record Source USGS Digital Object Identifier Catalog
USGS Organization Earthquake Science Center