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Hydrologic and soil data associated with selected vacant deconstruction lots in St. Louis, Missouri, 2018-2020

January 11, 2021

As the urban landscape and municipal infrastructure in U.S. cities changes in response to socio-economic conditions, so does the manner in which water cycles through these cities. The modulation of hydrologic processes (e.g., runoff, infiltration, evapotranspiration) by land use and land cover has implications for resilience, sustainability, and optimizing municipal service functions. The U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, collaborated to address the question of how Legacy (standard) and recent (Urban Greening Program or "Green") vacant lots ? each the product of a certain approach to the widespread practice of demolition ? differ in terms of how they cycle water and the extent to which they play a role in regulating the resiliency of the landscape to rainfall forcing. The intent of the data collection effort was to build on baseline data and expand on monitoring and field work that can lead to guidance to St. Louis (and generalizable to other cities who use demolition to control blight and facilitate redevelopment) as they deploy improved demolition practices and explore potential differences in the hydrologic response of Legacy and Green vacant lots. The potential hydrologic responses of Legacy and Green demolitions result from differences in the approach. Legacy demolitions retain the structure foundation, but the walls are taken to 12 inches below grade and the floor of the foundation is broken into pieces less than 8 feet with cracks sufficient to allow drainage. Clean fill from multiple sources is placed on top of the Legacy demolitions to a depth of at least 6 inches. Green demolitions require full material removal including the foundation. There is a single source of alluvial fill material that is placed on top of the demolition site to a depth of at least 12 inches.

Publication Year 2021
Title Hydrologic and soil data associated with selected vacant deconstruction lots in St. Louis, Missouri, 2018-2020
DOI 10.5066/P9RTK75F
Authors David C Heimann, Eric J Reiss
Product Type Data Release
Record Source USGS Digital Object Identifier Catalog
USGS Organization Central Midwest Water Science Center