This investigation sought to characterize the shedding of infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV) in two populations of Columbia River Basin (CRB) Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). Juvenile spring- and fall-run Chinook salmon were exposed by immersion to each of three IHN virus strains from the UC, MD, and L subgroups, and then monitored for viral shedding from individual fish for 30 days. Detectable quantities of UC, MD and L IHN virus were shed by a subset of fish from each host population (1–9 out of 10 fish total in each treatment group). Viral shedding kinetics were consistent, with a rapid onset of shedding, peak shedding by 2–3 days, and then a rapid decline to below detectable levels by 7 days’ post-exposure to IHNV. Intraspecies variation was observed as spring Chinook salmon shed more UC virus than fall fish: spring Chinook salmon shed UC virus in greater numbers of fish, with 22-fold higher mean peak shedding magnitude, 33-fold higher mean total virus shed per fish, and 900-fold higher total virus shed per treatment group. The L and MD viruses had comparable shedding at intermediate levels in each host population. All viral shedding occurred well before host mortality began, and shedding magnitude did not correlate with virulence differences. Overall, the greater shedding of UC virus from spring Chinook salmon, combined with low virulence, indicates a uniquely high transmission potential that may explain the predominance of UC viruses in CRB Chinook salmon. This also suggests that spring-run fish may contribute more to the ecology of IHNV in the CRB than fall-run Chinook salmon.
|Title||Shed viral load and survival of spring-run and fall-run Columbia River Basin Chinook salmon exposed to 3 genogroups of infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV)|
|Authors||Joanne E Salzer, Daniel G Hernandez|
|Product Type||Data Release|
|Record Source||USGS Digital Object Identifier Catalog|
|USGS Organization||Western Fisheries Research Center|