Western U.S. rangelands have been quantified as six fractional cover (0-100%) components over the Landsat archive (1985-2018) at 30-m resolution, termed the "Back-in-Time" (BIT) dataset. Robust validation through space and time is needed to quantify product accuracy. We leverage field data observed concurrently with HRS imagery over multiple years and locations in the Western U.S. to dramatically expand the spatial extent and sample size of validation analysis relative to a direct comparison to field observations and to previous work. We compare HRS and BIT data in the corresponding space and time. Our objectives were to evaluate the temporal and spatio-temporal relationships between HRS and BIT data, and to compare their response to spatio-temporal variation in climate. We hypothesize that strong temporal and spatio-temporal relationships will exist between HRS and BIT data and that they will exhibit similar climate response. We evaluated a total of 42 HRS sites across the western U.S. with 32 sites in Wyoming, and 5 sites each in Nevada and Montana. HRS sites span a broad range of vegetation, biophysical, climatic, and disturbance regimes. Our HRS sites were strategically located to collectively capture the range of biophysical conditions within a region. Field data were used to train 2-m predictions of fractional component cover at each HRS site and year. The 2-m predictions were degraded to 30-m, and some were used to train regional Landsat-scale, 30-m, "base" maps of fractional component cover representing circa 2016 conditions. A Landsat-imagery time-series spanning 1985-2018, excluding 2012, was analyzed for change through time. Pixels and times identified as changed from the base were trained using the base fractional component cover from the pixels identified as unchanged. Changed pixels were labeled with the updated predictions, while the base was maintained in the unchanged pixels. The resulting BIT suite includes the fractional cover of the six components described above for 1985-2018. We compare the two datasets, HRS and BIT, in space and time.
Two tabular data presented here correspond to a temporal and spatio-temporal validation of the BIT data. First, the temporal data are HRS and BIT component cover and climate variable means by site by year. Second, the spatio-temporal data are HRS and BIT component cover and associated climate variables at individual pixels in a site-year.
|Title||Temporal and Spatio-Temporal High-Resolution Satellite Data for the Validation of a Landsat Time-Series of Fractional Component Cover Across Western United States (U.S.) Rangelands|
|Authors||Matthew Rigge, Collin Homer, Debra K Meyer, Hua Shi|
|Product Type||Data Release|
|Record Source||USGS Digital Object Identifier Catalog|
|USGS Organization||Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center|