Science and Decisions Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 1,195
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Year Published: 2020

Supporting natural resource-management decisions—The role of economics at the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI)—2018 DOI Economics Training Workshop

The second U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) Economics Training Workshop (hereafter “Workshop”) was held during September 25–27, 2018, in Washington, D.C., to identify, highlight, and better understand needs and opportunities for economic analysis to support DOI’s mission. Building on the first workshop in 2017, the second Workshop, jointly...

Alhassan, Mustapha; Pindilli, Emily J.; Crowley, Christian S.L.; Shapiro, Carl D.; Simon, Benjamin M.
Alhassan, M., Pindilli, E.J., Crowley, C.S.L., Shapiro, C.D., and Simon, B.M., 2020, Supporting natural resource-management decisions—The role of economics at the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI)—2018 DOI Economics Training Workshop: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1044, 26 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201044.

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Year Published: 2020

Economic valuation of health benefits from using geologic data to communicate radon risk potential

Background: Radon exposure is the second leading cause of lung cancer worldwide and represents a major health concern within and outside the United States. Mitigating exposure to radon is especially critical in places with high rates of tobacco smoking (e.g., Kentucky, USA), as radon-induced lung cancer is markedly greater among people exposed to...

Chiavacci, Scott J.; Shapiro, Carl D.; Pindilli, Emily J.; Casey, Clyde F.; Rayens, Mary Kay; Wiggins, Amanda T.; Andrews, William M.; Hahn, Ellen J.

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Year Published: 2020

Climate dipoles as continental drivers of plant and animal populations

Ecological processes, such as migration and phenology, are strongly influenced by climate variability. Studying these processes often relies on associating observations of animals and plants with climate variability indices, such as the El Niño–Southern Oscillation. A characteristic of climate indices is the simultaneous emergence of opposite...

Zuckerberg, Benjamin; Strong, Courtenay; LaMontagne, Jalene; St. George, Scott; Betancourt, Julio L.; Koenig, Walter D.

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Year Published: 2020

Sampling and analysis frameworks for inference in ecology

1. Reliable statistical inference is central to ecological research, much of which seeks to estimate population attributes and their interactions. The issue of sampling design and its relationship to inference has become increasingly important due to rapid proliferation of modeling methodology (line transect modeling, capture-recapture, estimation...

Williams, Byron K.; Brown, Eleanor D.

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Year Published: 2020

Trends in biodiversity and habitat quantification tools used for market‐based conservation in the United States

Market-based conservation mechanisms are designed to facilitate conservation and mitigation actions for habitat and biodiversity. Their potential is partly hindered, however, by issues surrounding the quantification tools used to assess habitat quality and functionality. Specifically, a lack of transparency and standardization in tool...

Chiavacci, Scott J.; Pindilli, Emily J.

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Year Published: 2019

Multi-resource analysis: A proof of concept study of natural resource tradeoffs in the Piceance Basin, Colorado, using the net resources assessment (NetRA) decision support tool

Executive SummaryThe U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is developing a multi-resource analysis (MRA) line of products to inform land-use decision makers. Specifically, MRA products will integrate scientific information, include considerations for natural resource interrelations, and quantify the effects of resource management decisions in biophysical...

Bernknopf, Richard; Broadbent, Craig; Adhikari, Dadhi; Mamun, Saleh; Tidwell, Vince; Babis, Christopher; Pindilli, Emily J.
Bernknopf, R., Broadbent, C., Adhikari, D., Mamun, S., Tidwell, V., Babis, C., and Pindilli, E., 2019, Multi-resource analysis—A proof of concept study of natural resource tradeoffs in the Piceance Basin, Colorado, using the net resources assessment (NetRA) decision support tool: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5086, 40 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195086.

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Year Published: 2019

Employing an ecosystem services framework to deliver decision ready science

Public land managers have limited information to allow for the integration and balancing of multiple objectives in land management decisions including the social (cultural and health), economic (monetary and nonmonetary), and environmental aspects. In this article, we document an approach to consider the many facets of decision making by...

Pindilli, Emily J.; Hogan, Dianna M.; Zhu, Zhiliang

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Year Published: 2019

Demonstrating the value of Earth observations—methods, practical applications, and solutions—group on Earth observations side event proceedings

Executive SummaryThe U.S. Geological Survey, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the European Association for Remote Sensing Companies, and the European Space Agency in coordination with the GEOValue Community hosted a side event to the Group on Earth Observations Plenary on October 23–24, 2017, in Washington, D.C. The workshop,...

Pearlman, Francoise; Lawrence, Collin B.; Pindilli, Emily J.; Geppi, Denna; Shapiro, Carl D.; Grasso, Monica; Pearlman, Jay; Adkins, Jeffery; Sawyer, Geoff; Tassa, Alessandra
Pearlman, F., Lawrence, C.B., Pindilli, E.J., Geppi, D., Shapiro, C.D., Grasso, M., Pearlman, J., Adkins, J., Sawyer, G., and Tassa, A., 2019, Demonstrating the value of Earth observations—Methods, practical applications, and solutions—Group on Earth Observations side event proceedings: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1033, 33 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191033.

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Year Published: 2019

The Mississippi Alluvial Plain aquifers—An engine for economic activity

U.S. Geological Survey science supports groundwater resource management in the Mississippi Alluvial Plain region. The USGS Science and Decisions Center is working with the Water Availability and Use Science Program to integrate economics into a sophisticated model of groundwater in the region. The model will quantify the status of the groundwater...

Alhassan, Mustapha; Lawrence, Collin B.; Richardson, Steven; Pindilli, Emily J.
Alhassan, M., Lawrence, C., Richardson, S., and Pindilli, E., 2019, The Mississippi Alluvial Plain aquifers—An engine for economic activity: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2019–3003, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20193003.

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Year Published: 2019

Valuation of the flood attenuation ecosystem service in Difficult Run, VA, USA

Floodplains and riparian wetlands provide several ecosystem services that directly benefit people. We present a methodology for valuing the flood attenuation ecosystem service in Difficult Run, a suburban watershed with extensive natural floodplains in northern Virginia. High-resolution lidar-derived data were...

Lawrence, Collin B.; Pindilli, Emily J.; Hogan, Dianna M.

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Year Published: 2019

The potential for citizen science to produce reliable and useful information in ecology

We examined features of citizen science that influence data quality, inferential power, and usefulness in ecology. As background context for our examination, we considered topics such as ecological sampling (probability based, purposive, opportunistic), linkage between sampling technique and statistical inference(designbased,modelbased),...

Brown, Eleanor D.; Williams, Byron K.

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Year Published: 2018

Estimating the societal benefits of carbon dioxide sequestration through peatland restoration

The Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge (GDS) is a forested peatland that provides a number of ecosystem services including carbon (C) sequestration. We modeled and analyzed the potential capacity of the GDS to sequester C under four management scenarios: no management, no management with catastrophic fire, current management, and...

Pindilli, Emily J.; Sleeter, Rachel; Hogan, Dianna M.