Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Oil and gas reclamation—Operations, monitoring methods, and standards

December 6, 2023

This publication provides broad guidance for surface management of oil and gas development with a focus on promoting successful reclamation. Successful reclamation depends on sound best management practices, clear standards and expectations, defensible monitoring for effectiveness, and management of production facilities to minimize surface disturbance. This publication provides specific guidelines for surface management of oil and gas, including operations, standards, and monitoring. The development of this report was guided by existing Federal reclamation policy, a review of the scientific and other literature, as well as practical field experience. Expertise was pulled from multiple sources including Federal and State agencies, oil and gas contractors, and academia. The target audience for this report is primarily operators and contractors conducting oil and gas activities on U.S. Federal or Tribal lands and the surface management agencies responsible for guiding and enforcing these activities. The guidance on surface management presented here will also be useful for managing oil and gas activities on State and private lands and where private land occurs over Federal mineral estate (split estate).

Publication Year 2023
Title Oil and gas reclamation—Operations, monitoring methods, and standards
DOI 10.3133/tm18A1
Authors Randi C. Lupardus, Janna Simonsen, Gordon Toevs, Barbara Sterling, Zachary H. Bowen, Zoe Davidson, Steven E. Hanser, Emily Kachergis, Alexander Laurence-Traynor, Nika Lepak, Rebecca K. Mann, Aleta Nafus, David S. Pilliod, Michael C. Duniway
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Techniques and Methods
Series Number 18-A1
Index ID tm18A1
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Southwest Biological Science Center