Molecular Ecology Laboratory

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Molecular ecology is the study of the earth and its ecosystems through genetic methods.  The main objectives of the USGS Alaska Science Center molecular ecology research program are to:

  • Identify and fill gaps in our knowledge about species and population diagnosis, biodiversity, and health of wildlife and their habitats to inform decision making by management agencies
  • Provide state-of-the-art molecular science applications and protocols for USGS, Department of Interior, and other partners.

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Publications

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Using redundant primer sets to detect multiple native Alaskan fish species from environmental DNA

Accurate and timely data regarding freshwater fish communities is important for informed decision-making by local, state, tribal, and federal land and resource managers; however, conducting traditional gear-based fish surveys can be an expensive and time-consuming process, particularly in remote areas, like those that characterize much of Alaska....

Menning, Damian M.; Simmons, Trey; Talbot, Sandra L.
Attribution: Great Lakes Science Center, Ecosystems, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Utah Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Columbia Environmental Research Center, Water Resources, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center, Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands), Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Land Change Science Program, United States of America, Fort Collins Science Center, Ecosystems, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Southwest Biological Science Center, Ecosystems, New England Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Upper Midwest Water Science Center, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, New York Water Science Center, Water Resources, Great Lakes Science Center, Ecosystems, Natural Hazards, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Hazards Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Alaska, United States of America, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Biology and Ecosystems, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, United States of America, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, Eastern Energy Resources Science Center, Water Resources, Energy Resources Program, United States of America, New York Water Science Center, Water Resources, Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Water Resources, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center (NOROCK), Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center, Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands), Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Great Lakes Science Center, Ecosystems, California Water Science Center, Water Resources, Florence Bascom Geoscience Center, Land Change Science Program, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, United States of America, Western Geographic Science Center, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, National Wildlife Health Center, Ecosystems, Natural Hazards, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Hazards Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Alaska, United States of America, Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center (FRESC), Ecosystems, Western Geographic Science Center, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Climate Adaptation Science Centers, Climate Adaptation Science Centers, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Cooperative Research Units, Leetown Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Environmental Health, Leetown Science Center, Environmental Health, Toxic Substances Hydrology Program, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Vermont, North America, Washington Water Science Center, Water Resources, Southwest Biological Science Center, Ecosystems, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center (NOROCK), Ecosystems, Water Resources, New Jersey Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Oceans, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program, United States of America, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, Great Lakes Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Oceans, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Natural Hazards, Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Alaska, United States of America, Caribbean-Florida Water Science Center, Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands), New England Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Eastern Energy Resources Science Center, Energy Resources Program, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, Fort Collins Science Center, Ecosystems, Leetown Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Eastern Geographic Science Center, Water Resources, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Core Science Systems, California Water Science Center, Water Resources, Climate Adaptation Science Centers, Climate Adaptation Science Centers, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, Great Lakes Science Center, Ecosystems, Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center (NOROCK), Ecosystems, Biology and Ecosystems, National Wildlife Health Center, Ecosystems, Fish & Wildlife Disease, United States of America, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Land Change Science Program, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, United States of America, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Southwest Biological Science Center, Ecosystems, South Atlantic Water Science Center (SAWSC), Water Resources, Land Change Science Program, Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands), United States of America, Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center (NOROCK), Ecosystems, Water Resources, Central Midwest Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, Ecosystems, Fort Collins Science Center, Ecosystems, Oceans, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Natural Hazards, Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, United States of America, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Science and Decisions Center, Western Geographic Science Center, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Core Science Systems, Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, Ecosystems, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center (NOROCK), Ecosystems, New Jersey Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Fort Collins Science Center, Ecosystems, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Fort Collins Science Center, Ecosystems, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, Energy Resources Program, United States of America, Water Resources, Fort Collins Science Center, Ecosystems, Eastern Energy Resources Science Center, Energy Resources Program, United States of America, Natural Hazards, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Hazards Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Hawaii, United States of America, Eastern Mineral and Environmental Resources Science Center, Energy and Minerals, Mineral Resources Program, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, United States of America, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Natural Hazards, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Hazards Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Hawaii, United States of America, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, United States of America, Molecular Ecology Laboratory

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Year Published: 2019

Temporal variation in genetic structure within the threatened spectacled eider

We examined the genetic structure of the threatened spectacled eider 14–18 years after the initial assessment to evaluate the influence of population recovery on diversity. Concordant with the initial assessment, spectacled eiders were highly structured at mitochondrial (mt) DNA and lacked differentiation at microsatellite loci. The degree and...

Sonsthagen, Sarah A.; Haughey, Christy; Sexson, Matthew G.; Solovyeva, Diana V; Petersen, Margaret R.; Powell, Abby
Attribution: Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center (FRESC), Ecosystems, United States of America, Wildland Fire Science, Western Fisheries Research Center, Ecosystems, Fisheries Program, Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center, Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands), Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Water Resources, St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center, Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands), Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, Ecosystems, United States of America, Ohio-Kentucky-Indiana Water Science Center, Volcano Hazards Program Office, Science and Decisions Center, Water Resources, Water, Pennsylvania Water Science Center, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Pennsylvania, Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center, Water Resources, New York Water Science Center, Water Resources, Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center (NOROCK), Ecosystems, Land Resources, Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center (NOROCK), Ecosystems, Land Change Science Program, United States of America, Volcano Hazards Program Office, Eastern Energy Resources Science Center, Energy Resources Program, United States of America, California Water Science Center, Water Resources, Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, Natural Hazards, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Hazards Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Alaska, United States of America, Lower Mississippi-Gulf Water Science Center, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Virginia and West Virginia Water Science Center, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Upper Midwest Water Science Center, Kansas Water Science Center, Water Resources, Great Lakes Science Center, Ecosystems, Central Energy Resources Science Center, Energy Resources Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, California Water Science Center, Water Resources, Arizona Water Science Center, Water Resources, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Great Lakes Science Center, Ecosystems, Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, Ecosystems, United States of America, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Western Fisheries Research Center, Ecosystems, Fisheries Program, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Eastern Energy Resources Science Center, Energy Resources Program, United States of America, Wildland Fire Science, Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center, Florence Bascom Geoscience Center, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Eastern Energy Resources Science Center, Energy Resources Program, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Climate Adaptation Science Centers, Climate Adaptation Science Centers, Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center, Ecosystems, Volcano Hazards Program Office, Eastern Energy Resources Science Center, Energy Resources Program, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Natural Hazards, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Hazards Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, United States of America, Dakota Water Science Center, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, Dakota Water Science Center, Water Resources, Water, Texas Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 6: Arkansas-Rio Grande-Texas-Gulf, Pennsylvania, Western Geographic Science Center, Western Geographic Science Center, United States of America, Wildland Fire Science, Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, Ecosystems, Biology and Ecosystems, Chesapeake Bay Activities, Core Science Systems, Science and Decisions Center, United States of America, Texas Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 6: Arkansas-Rio Grande-Texas-Gulf, New England Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Southwest Biological Science Center, Ecosystems, Biology and Ecosystems, National Wildlife Health Center, Ecosystems, Fish & Wildlife Disease, United States of America, Earthquake Science Center, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Hazards Program, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, United States of America, EROS CalVal Center of Excellence, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Oregon Water Science Center, Water Resources, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Land Change Science Program, United States of America, Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center (FRESC), Ecosystems, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Oklahoma Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 6: Arkansas-Rio Grande-Texas-Gulf, Natural Hazards, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Hazards Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, United States of America, Biology and Ecosystems, Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center (NOROCK), Ecosystems, Fish & Wildlife Disease, United States of America, Office of Science Quality and Integrity, Colorado Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, United States of America, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, Water Resources, New Mexico Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Lower Mississippi-Gulf Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 6: Arkansas-Rio Grande-Texas-Gulf, Water Resources, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, Minerals, Geology, Geophysics, and Geochemistry Science Center, Mineral Resources Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Peru, Volcano Hazards Program Office, Oregon Water Science Center, Water Resources, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Natural Hazards, Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, United States of America, Volcano Hazards Program Office, Alaska Science Center, Region 11: Alaska, United States of America, Wildland Fire Science, Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center, Land Change Science Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, United States of America, Idaho Water Science Center, Water Resources, Western Fisheries Research Center, Ecosystems, Fisheries Program, Leetown Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, California Water Science Center, Water Resources, Western Fisheries Research Center, Ecosystems, Fisheries Program, Water, Pennsylvania Water Science Center, Water Resources, West Virginia, United States of America, Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, New England Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, United States of America, Wildland Fire Science, Science Analytics and Synthesis (SAS), Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Western Fisheries Research Center, Ecosystems, Fisheries Program, Water Resources, Central Midwest Water Science Center, Western Fisheries Research Center, Ecosystems, Fisheries Program, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center, Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center (FRESC), Ecosystems, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, United States of America, Western Fisheries Research Center, Ecosystems, Fisheries Program, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Upper Midwest Water Science Center, Fort Collins Science Center, Ecosystems, United States of America, Wildland Fire Science, Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center (NOROCK), Ecosystems, Geology, Geophysics, and Geochemistry Science Center, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, United States of America, Molecular Ecology Laboratory

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Identification of single nucleotide polymorphisms for use in a genetic stock identification system for greater white-fronted goose (Anser albifrons) subspecies wintering in California

California provides wintering habitat for most greater white-fronted geese (Anser albifrons [GWFG]) in the Pacific Flyway and this population has rapidly increased since the 1980s. Increased harvest of GWFG wintering in California may prevent agricultural depredation while providing increased hunting opportunities. However, changes in harvest...

Wilson, Robert E.; Sonsthagen, Sarah A.; DaCosta, Jeffrey M.; Ely, Craig R.; Sorenson, Michael D.; Talbot, Sandra L.
Attribution: Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, Western Fisheries Research Center, Ecosystems, Fisheries Program, Core Science Systems, National Geospatial Program, United States of America, Center of Excellence for Geospatial Information Science (CEGIS), Minerals, Geology, Geophysics, and Geochemistry Science Center, Mineral Resources Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Colorado, United States of America, Other, Southwest Biological Science Center, Ecosystems, United States of America, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, Great Lakes Science Center, Ecosystems, Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center, Mineral Resources Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, United States of America, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Central Energy Resources Science Center, Energy Resources Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, National Geospatial Program, United States of America, The National Map - Delivery, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Lower Mississippi-Gulf Water Science Center, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Eastern Energy Resources Science Center, Energy Resources Program, United States of America, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, Southwest Biological Science Center, Ecosystems, St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center, Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands), Natural Hazards, Earthquake Science Center, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Hazards Program, California, United States of America, Central Midwest Water Science Center, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Natural Hazards, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Landslide Hazards Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Colorado, United States of America, Natural Hazards, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Landslide Hazards Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, North Carolina, United States of America, Natural Hazards, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Landslide Hazards Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, United States of America, North Central Climate Adaptation Science Center, Western Fisheries Research Center, Ecosystems, Fisheries Program, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Cooperative Research Units, Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center (NOROCK), Ecosystems, St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center, Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands), Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center, Land Change Science Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, United States of America, Upper Midwest Water Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, California Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center, Ecosystems, Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center, Land Change Science Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, United States of America, Environmental Health, New Jersey Water Science Center, Water Resources, Contaminant Biology Program, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, United States of America, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Water Resources, Leetown Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Earthquake Science Center, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Hazards Program, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, South Atlantic Water Science Center (SAWSC), Water Resources, Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands), Upper Midwest Water Science Center, Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Water Resources, Biology and Ecosystems, National Wildlife Health Center, Ecosystems, Fish & Wildlife Disease, United States of America, Astrogeology Science Center, Natural Hazards, California Water Science Center, Water Resources, Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center (FRESC), Ecosystems, United States of America, Wildland Fire Science, Upper Midwest Water Science Center, Geology, Geophysics, and Geochemistry Science Center, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Fort Collins Science Center, Ecosystems, Oceans, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program, Region 11: Alaska, United States of America, Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Water Resources, Water Resources, Water Resources, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Leetown Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Natural Hazards, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Hazards Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, United States of America, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Fort Collins Science Center, Ecosystems, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Lower Mississippi-Gulf Water Science Center, Water Resources, Groundwater and Streamflow Information Program, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Fort Collins Science Center, Ecosystems, Natural Hazards, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Hazards Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Pakistan, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Water, Pennsylvania Water Science Center, Water Resources, West Virginia, United States of America, Climate Adaptation Science Centers, Ecosystems, Climate Adaptation Science Centers, Nevada Water Science Center, Water Resources, Southwest Biological Science Center, Ecosystems, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Environmental Health, Western Ecological Research Center, Environmental Health, Contaminant Biology Program, United States of America, California Water Science Center, Water Resources, California Water Science Center, Water Resources, United States of America, Wildland Fire Science, Western Geographic Science Center, United States of America, Wildland Fire Science, Climate Adaptation Science Centers, Climate Adaptation Science Centers, Columbia Environmental Research Center, Environmental Health, Contaminant Biology Program, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, United States of America, Western Geographic Science Center, California Water Science Center, Water Resources, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Science Center, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Hazards Program, United States of America, New York Water Science Center, Water Resources, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, United States of America, Fort Collins Science Center, Ecosystems, Cooperative Research Units, Earthquake Science Center, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Hazards Program, Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center (FRESC), Ecosystems, , Volcano Hazards Program Office, Natural Hazards, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Natural Hazards, Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, United States of America, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Fish & Wildlife Disease, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, United States of America, Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, Ecosystems, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Wildlife Program, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, United States of America, New England Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Western Fisheries Research Center, Ecosystems, Fisheries Program, Utah Water Science Center, Water Resources, Land Change Science Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, United States of America, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center (FRESC), Ecosystems, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Wildlife Program, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, United States of America, Volcano Hazards Program Office, Eastern Energy Resources Science Center, Energy Resources Program, United States of America, Reston Electron Microbeam Laboratory, Western Fisheries Research Center, Ecosystems, Fisheries Program, Energy, Central Energy Resources Science Center, Energy Resources Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, China, Mapping, Remote Sensing, and Geospatial Data, Core Science Systems, National Geospatial Program, United States of America, 3D Elevation Program, Energy, Central Energy Resources Science Center, Energy Resources Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Algeria, Lower Mississippi-Gulf Water Science Center, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Lower Mississippi-Gulf Water Science Center, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Eastern Energy Resources Science Center, Energy Resources Program, United States of America, Environmental Health, Upper Midwest Water Science Center, Water Resources, Toxic Substances Hydrology Program, United States of America, Eastern Energy Resources Science Center, Energy Resources Program, United States of America, Mapping, Remote Sensing, and Geospatial Data, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Natural Hazards, Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, United States of America, , Volcano Hazards Program Office, Florence Bascom Geoscience Center, Central Energy Resources Science Center, Energy Resources Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Great Lakes Science Center, Ecosystems, Water Resources, Washington Water Science Center, Water Resources, Natural Hazards, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, Natural Hazards, Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program, United States of America, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Natural Hazards, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Hazards Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, United States of America, St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center, Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands), Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Land Change Science Program, United States of America, Central Energy Resources Science Center, Energy Resources Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, Colorado Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Core Science Systems, National Geospatial Program, National Geospatial Technical Operations Center, Natural Hazards, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Hazards Program, Japan, Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, Ecosystems, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Wildlife Program, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, United States of America, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center (NOROCK), Ecosystems, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, United States of America, Wildland Fire Science, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Minerals, Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center, Mineral Resources Program, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, United States of America, Great Lakes Science Center, Ecosystems, Climate Adaptation Science Centers, Climate Adaptation Science Centers, Western Fisheries Research Center, Ecosystems, Fisheries Program, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, California Water Science Center, Water Resources, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Central Energy Resources Science Center, Energy Resources Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Central Energy Resources Science Center, Energy Resources Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Natural Hazards, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Global Seismographic Network, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, United States of America, , Volcano Hazards Program Office, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Wildlife Program, Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, Ecosystems, St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center, Natural Hazards, Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program, Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands), Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center (NOROCK), Ecosystems, Land Change Science Program, United States of America, Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center, Ecosystems, Upper Midwest Water Science Center, Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center, Florence Bascom Geoscience Center, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Great Lakes Science Center, Ecosystems, United States of America, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Western Fisheries Research Center, Ecosystems, Fisheries Program, Fort Collins Science Center, Ecosystems, United States of America, Wildland Fire Science, Alaska Science Center, Region 11: Alaska, New York Water Science Center, Water Resources, Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, Ecosystems, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Lower Mississippi-Gulf Water Science Center, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Western Geographic Science Center, Ecosystems, Land Change Science Program, United States of America, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, United States of America, Wildland Fire Science, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Land Change Science Program, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, United States of America, Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center (NOROCK), Ecosystems, Pennsylvania Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Fort Collins Science Center, Ecosystems, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, United States of America, Wildland Fire Science, Energy, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Natural Hazards, Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, United States of America, Lower Mississippi-Gulf Water Science Center, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center (FRESC), Environmental Health, Contaminant Biology Program, United States of America, Southwest Biological Science Center, Ecosystems, Water Resources, National Water Quality Program, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, New England Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Energy Resources Program, Water Resources, United States of America, Wildland Fire Science, California Water Science Center, Water Resources, Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center (FRESC), Ecosystems, Southwest Biological Science Center, Ecosystems, Land Change Science Program, United States of America, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Environmental Health, Contaminant Biology Program, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, United States of America, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Environmental Health, Contaminant Biology Program, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, United States of America, Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center, New York Water Science Center, Water Resources, Fort Collins Science Center, Ecosystems, Cooperative Research Units, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, United States of America, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Western Ecological Research Center, Environmental Health, Contaminant Biology Program, United States of America, Western Fisheries Research Center, Ecosystems, Fisheries Program, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Land Change Science Program, United States of America, Wildland Fire Science, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, Natural Hazards, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Hazards Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, United States of America, Biology and Ecosystems, National Wildlife Health Center, Ecosystems, Fish & Wildlife Disease, United States of America, Fort Collins Science Center, Ecosystems, United States of America, Wildland Fire Science, Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center, Land Change Science Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, United States of America, Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center (FRESC), Ecosystems, Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center (FRESC), Ecosystems, New York Water Science Center, Water Resources, New York Water Science Center, Water Resources, Biology and Ecosystems, National Wildlife Health Center, Ecosystems, Fish & Wildlife Disease, United States of America, Cooperative Research Units, St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center, Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands), Geology, Geophysics, and Geochemistry Science Center, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, National Wildlife Health Center, Ecosystems, Natural Hazards, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Hazards Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, United States of America, Southwest Biological Science Center, Ecosystems, Land Change Science Program, United States of America, Cooperative Research Units, Western Fisheries Research Center, Ecosystems, Fisheries Program, Pennsylvania Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, New Mexico Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Other, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, Natural Hazards, Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program, U.S. Virgin Islands, Samoa, Florence Bascom Geoscience Center, Land Change Science Program, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, United States of America, Florence Bascom Geoscience Center, Natural Hazards, National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center, Central Midwest Water Science Center, Columbia Environmental Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, United States of America, Molecular Ecology Laboratory
Wilson, R.E., Sonsthagen, S.A., DaCosta, J.M., Ely, C.R., Sorenson, M.D., and Talbot, S.L., 2019, Identification of single nucleotide polymorphisms for use in a genetic stock identification system for greater white-fronted goose (Anser albifrons) subspecies wintering in California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019-1040, 18 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191040.