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February 2, 2024 — Kīlauea Interferogram

February 5, 2024
Color image showing ground deformation patterns

This image shows ground deformation during the recent intrusive activity at Kīlauea volcano. Unlike previous shared interferograms, note that this one is isolated to a one-day timeframe from 6 p.m. HST on January 31 through 6 p.m. HST on February 1, 2024. It therefore highlights the volcanic signals, with reduced interference from sources of data noise. Colored fringes denote areas of ground deformation, with more fringes indicating more deformation.  Each color cycle represents 1.5 cm (0.6 in) of ground motion toward or away from the satellite (the direction of motion depends on the sense of color change).  The complex patterns indicate overall deflation of the summit area as magma moved underground to the southwest, where the patterns show uplift (up to about 50 centimeters, or 20 inches) and spreading (along with subsidence) due to intrusion of a dike (a vertical sheet of magma). Comparing this to the previous image, which was posted earlier today and that spanned up until January 31 at 6 PM, shows that the dike intrusion moved farther to the SW, consistent with patterns of seismicity. Data are from the COSMO-SkyMed constellation of radar satellites, provided by the Italian Space Agency (Agenzia Spaziale Italiana) through the Hawaiʻi Supersite.

Title February 2, 2024 — Kīlauea Interferogram
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse