Holocene versus modern-day coral reef framework in Miami, Florida

Left: logs of large, branching fossil corals. Right: flat coral reef dominated by weedy, soft corals

Detailed Description

(a) Holocene Acropora palmata reef framework on the Outer Reef in Miami, FL exposed by dredging in Government Cut that suggests reef‐building once occurred throughout the region (b) Modern habitats in the same location dominated by octocorals, sponges, and macroalgae, which do not build reefs.


Image Dimensions: 2402 x 876

Date Taken:

Location Taken: FL, US


Courtesy of William F. Precht