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Vog conditions on the Island of Hawai‘i vary depending on wind direction

1997 (approx.)

Detailed Description

During prevailing trade wind conditions, the nearly constant stream of volcanic smog (vog) produced by Kīlauea Volcano on the Island of Hawai‘i is blown to the southwest and west. The trade winds (blue arrows) blow the vog from its main source on the volcano (white plume) to the southwest, where wind patterns send it up the island's Kona coast. Here, it becomes trapped by daytime (onshore) and nighttime (offshore) sea breezes (double-headed arrows). In contrast, when light "kona" winds (red arrows) blow, much of the vog is concentrated on the eastern side of the island, but some can even reach Oahu, more than 200 miles to the northwest.


Public Domain.