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Climate change vulnerability assessments and associated adaptation strategies and actions use existing climate science to project possible effects on natural resources and identify potential responses. 

However, these assessments are commonly generated for large regional areas, while management actions must address specific local circumstances rather than general situations. To address the need to identify adaptation strategies appropriate for smaller management units, EcoAdapt and USGS researchers developed the Climate Adaptation Integration Tool (CAIT) to help resource managers use climate science and assessments, along with local knowledge, to identify strategies and actions most appropriate for a given site or situation. The CAIT is meant to help managers integrate climate change science and assessments into management decisions without rigidly prescribing actions. This flexibility enables managers to incorporate other factors and constraints to create workable management plans and projects that strengthen their ability to achieve long-term conservation goals. 

Kershner, J., Woodward, A., and Torregrosa, A., 2020, Integrating climate change considerations into natural resource planning—An implementation guide: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods, book 6, chap. C2, 57 p.,