The USGS recently published a revised “Geologic Map of the State of Hawaii.” This map—originally published in 2007—has been updated to include more recent geologic deposits, including lava flows from Kīlauea’s Pu‘u‘ō‘ō vent on the middle East Rift Zone from 2007–2018 and lava flows erupted during Kīlauea’s 2018 lower East Rift Zone eruption.
Lava flows erupted from Kīlauea’s lower East Rift Zone in 2018 covered 35.5 square kilometers (14 square miles); lava flows that entered the ocean in 2018 added 875 acres of new land to the southeast coast of the Island of Hawai‘i, which is reflected in this updated map. The map update does not include changes to Kīlauea summit region during the 2018 summit collapse or the recent eruptions in Halema‘uma‘u at Kīlauea’s summit (December 2020–May 2021 and September 29, 2021-current).
This geologic map and its digital databases present the geology of the eight major islands of the State of Hawaiʻi. The map should serve as a useful guide to anyone studying the geologic setting and history of Hawai‘i, including ground- and surface-water resources, economic deposits, and landslide or volcanic hazards. Its presentation in digital format allows the rapid application of geologic knowledge when conducting field work; analyzing land-use or engineering problems; studying onshore or nearshore biologic communities; or simply understanding the relation between the geology, scenery, and cultural history of the Hawaiian paradise.
The map includes a Description of Map Units, which describes the lithologic characteristics and distribution of the geologic deposits. A Correlation of Map Units shows how the different geologic formations are related to each other stratigraphically. A fairly complete geospatial database of the radiometric ages and geochemical analyses has been compiled from findings published over the past 100 years by numerous Earth scientists working across the island chain.
Geologic map database to accompany geologic map of the State of Hawaii Abstract:
This digital publication contains all the geologic map information used to publish U.S. Geological Survey Geologic Investigations Map Series SIM-3143 (Sherrod and others, 2020). This geologic map shows the distribution and stratigraphic relation of volcanic, intrusive, and sedimentary units emplaced in the past 8 million years across the eight principal islands of the Hawaiian archipelago, State of Hawaii, U.S.A.