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11.12 – Tools and techniques: gravitational method

April 17, 2015

The gravitational method is used to investigate density variations within the subsurface at depths of several meters to tens of meters, as in depth-to-bedrock investigations, or at depths of several kilometers, as in sedimentary basin thickness investigations. This chapter covers fundamental relations, densities of Earth materials, instruments, field procedures, data reduction, filtering, forward modeling, inversion, and field examples. The focus is on near-surface investigations as distinct from the solid Earth studies found elsewhere in this treatise. The gravitational method is often used in conjunction with other geophysical methods, such as the magnetic method or the seismic method, which target similar physical properties at similar depths.

Publication Year 2015
Title 11.12 – Tools and techniques: gravitational method
DOI 10.1016/B978-0-444-53802-4.00197-4
Authors Jeffrey Phillips
Publication Type Book Chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Index ID 70146890
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Crustal Geophysics and Geochemistry Science Center