Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

A policy model to initiate environmental negotiations: Three hydropower workshops

January 1, 1998

How do I get started in natural resource negotiations? Natural resource managers often face difficult negotiations when they implement laws and policies regulating such resources as water, wildlife, wetlands, endangered species, and recreation. As a result of these negotiations, managers must establish rules, grant permits, or create management plans. The Legal‐Institutional Analysis Model (LIAM) was designed to assist managers in systematically analyzing the parties in natural resource negotiations and using that analysis to prepare for bargaining. The LIAM relies on the theory that organizations consistently employ behavioral roles. The model uses those roles to predict likely negotiation behavior. One practical use of the LIAM is when all parties to a negotiation conduct a workshop as a way to open the bargaining on a note of trust and mutual understanding. The process and results of three LIAM workshops designed to guide hydroelectric power licensing negotiations are presented. Our experience with these workshops led us to conclude that the LIAM can be an effective tool to begin a negotiation and that trust built through the workshops can help create a successful result.

Citation Information

Publication Year 1998
Title A policy model to initiate environmental negotiations: Three hydropower workshops
DOI 10.1080/10871209809359135
Authors Berton Lee Lamb, Jonathan G. Taylor, Nina Burkardt, Phadrea D. Ponds
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Human Dimensions of Wildlife: An International Journal
Index ID 70174761
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Fort Collins Science Center