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Is Acropora palmata (elkhorn coral) making a comeback in the Virgin Islands?

January 1, 2000

White band disease (WBD) ravaged Acropora palmata (elkhorn coral) on many coral reefs in the Caribbean in the late 1970’s and 1980’s, including those around St. John and St. Croix, U. S. Virgin Islands—USVI (Gladfelter 1982, Rogers 1985). Quantitative data, photographs, and anecdotal observations indicate WBD killed large stands of elkhorn coral in the USVI from about 1976 until sometime in the late 1980’s. Branching Acroporid species, which are most susceptible to WBD, are also the most vulnerable to storm damage (Rogers et al. 1982). Since 1979, eight hurricanes have passed near or over the USVI. Because elkhorn coral contributed most of the living coral and determined the physical structure of many shallow reef zones, its demise dramatically altered many areas. But now, some of the reefs in the Virgin Islands once again have large, actively growing colonies of this important, reef-building species.

Citation Information

Publication Year 2000
Title Is Acropora palmata (elkhorn coral) making a comeback in the Virgin Islands?
Authors Caroline S. Rogers
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Reef Encounters
Index ID 70162394
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Southeast Ecological Science Center