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Characterisation and modelling of washover fans

January 1, 2007

Pre- and post-storm topography and aerial photography, collected in regions where new washover fans were formed, were studied to determine the extent of morphologic, vegetative and anthropogenic control on washover shape and extent. When overwash is funnelled through a gap in a dune ridge and then spreads laterally on the back barrier, decelerating and depositing sediment, it forms washover fans. Fans were shown to primarily occur at pre-existing gaps in the foredune. During overwash, these gaps, or overwash throats, widened and deepened. The shape and extent of the fan was shown to depend on not only the pre-storm topography, but also the existence of beach tracks, roads and other anthropogenic influences and vegetation. The cross-shore overwash profile change model by Larson et al. and Donnelly et al. was modified to include pre-storm throat widths and a lateral spreading angle estimated from the pre-storm topography as inputs and tested using cross-shore profiles through the fan centres. These new inputs make the model more generalised, such that the calibrated model is applicable to a wider range of cross-shore profiles.

Publication Year 2007
Title Characterisation and modelling of washover fans
DOI 10.1061/40926(239)162
Authors Chantal Donnelly, Asbury H. Sallenger
Publication Type Conference Paper
Publication Subtype Conference Paper
Index ID 70031590
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Coastal and Marine Geology Program