Chemical constituent concentrations in stream water, streambed sediment, and soils of Fort Belvoir, Virginia—A characterization of ambient conditions in 2019
The U.S. Army Fort Belvoir (FTBL) installation is on the banks of the Potomac River in Fairfax County, northeastern Virginia. The installation was founded by the U.S. Army during World War I. It has been home to a variety of military organizations over the course of its more than 100-year history and currently houses more than 145 mission partners. The installation consists of two noncontiguous units, the Main Post, and a smaller area to the northwest, Fort Belvoir North Area (FTNA). FTBL encompasses 8.91 square miles.
There is concern that activities on FTBL, including a long history of training, operations, and maintenance, may have resulted in contamination of stream water, streambed sediment, and (or) soils. Of particular concern is the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Target Analyte List (TAL). TAL refers to “the list of inorganic compounds/elements designated for analysis as contained in the version of the EPA Contract Laboratory Program Statement of Work for Inorganics Analysis, Multi-Media, Multi-Concentration in effect as of the date on which the laboratory is performing the analysis” (https://www.nj.gov/dep/srp/guidance/tcl_tal/). Because of the potential for TAL contamination at FTBL, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with U.S. Army Fort Belvoir, conducted a survey of FTBL’s stream water, streambed sediment, and soils during calendar year 2019.
The terminology “ambient concentrations” is used in this report to represent the concentrations of the TAL and other constituents at the time of sampling. This is in contrast to “background concentrations,” a term that “refers to areas in which the concentrations of chemicals have not been elevated by site activities”. Although some of the samples collected for this project may represent “background concentrations,” there is no assurance that they do, so all data collected are described as having “ambient concentrations.”
The purpose of the study was to obtain environmental data to characterize ambient concentrations of EPA TAL constituents in stream water, streambed sediment, and soils in FTBL, Virginia. This report describes methods and results of sampling stream water, streambed sediment, and soils during 2019. The purpose of this report is four-fold: (1) to describe the field sampling methods used to collect stream water, streambed sediment, and soils; (2) to describe the laboratory methods used to analyze the samples; (3) to report summaries of the field and laboratory results; and (4) to report the quality assurance and quality control results.
|Chemical constituent concentrations in stream water, streambed sediment, and soils of Fort Belvoir, Virginia—A characterization of ambient conditions in 2019
|Karen C. Rice, Douglas B. Chambers
|USGS Numbered Series
|USGS Publications Warehouse
|Virginia and West Virginia Water Science Center