Virginia and West Virginia Water Science Center

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We operate streamgages, observation wells, and monitoring stations that provide reliable scientific information needed to make informed decisions. We use advanced science and analytical methods to investigate and understand our natural world.

Virginia and West Virginia Current Water Conditions

Virginia and West Virginia Current Water Conditions

Explore real-time Virginia and West Virginia streamflow, groundwater, and water-quality conditions and access data with our interactive map application.

Water conditions

Virginia Drought Streamflow Probabilities

Virginia Drought Streamflow Probabilities

Hydrologic drought streamflow probabilities for summer months are provided as functions of streamflows during the previous winter months. This application allows the display and query of these drought streamflow probabilities for Virginia streams.

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News

Date published: May 13, 2019

2019 USGS Unmanned Aircraft Systems Aquatic Airshow

A USGS Unmanned Aircraft Systems Aquatic Airshow field testing and demonstration event occurred 4/30/2019 - 5/2/2019 on the Saco River near Biddeford, and the Androscoggin River near Lewiston in Maine, USA.

Date published: September 16, 2018

Hurricane Florence Water Footprint Data Visualization

To learn more about USGS’ role providing science to decision makers before, during and after #Florence, visit the #USGS Hurricane Florence page at https://www.usgs.gov/florence.

Date published: September 15, 2018

USGS deploying more gauges for Florence, preparing to measure flooding

To learn more about USGS’ role providing science to decision makers before, during and after #Florence, visit the #USGS Hurricane Florence page at https://www.usgs.gov/florence.

Publications

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Year Published: 2019

Remote sensing of river flow in Alaska—New technology to improve safety and expand coverage of USGS streamgaging

The U.S. Geological Survey monitors water level (water surface elevation relative to an arbitrary datum) and measures streamflow in Alaska rivers to compute and compile river flow records for use by water resource planners, engineers, and land managers to design infrastructure, manage floodplains, and protect life, property, and aquatic resources...

Conaway, Jeff; Eggleston, John R.; Legleiter, Carl J.; Jones, John W.; Kinzel, Paul J.; Fulton, John W.
Conaway, J.S., Eggleston, J., Legleiter, C.J., Jones, J.W., Kinzel, P.J., and Fulton, J.W., 2019, Remote sensing of river flow in Alaska—New technology to improve safety and expand coverage of USGS streamgaging: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2019-3024, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20193024.

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Year Published: 2019

Drought forecasting for streams and groundwaters in northeastern United States

BackgroundWhen rainfall is lower than normal over an extended period, streamflows decline, groundwater levels fall, and hydrological drought can occur. Droughts can reduce the water available for societal needs, such as public and private drinking-water supplies, farming, and industry, and for ecological health, such as maintenance of water...

Austin, Samuel H.; Dudley, Robert W.
Austin, S.H., and Dudley, R.W., 2019, Drought forecasting for streams and groundwaters in northeastern United States: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2019–3015, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20193015.

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Year Published: 2018

Hydrologic conditions and simulation of groundwater and surface water in the Great Dismal Swamp of Virginia and North Carolina

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the U.S Fish and Wildlife Service, has investigated the hydrology of the Great Dismal Swamp (Swamp) National Wildlife Refuge (Refuge) in Virginia and North Carolina and developed a three-dimensional numerical model to simulate groundwater and surface-water hydrology. The model was developed...

Eggleston, Jack R.; Decker, Jeremy D.; Finkelstein, Jason S.; Wurster, Frederic C.; Misut, Paul E.; Sturtevant, Luke P.; Speiran, Gary K.
Eggleston J.R., Decker, J.D., Finkelstein, J.S., Wurster, F.C., Misut, P.E., Sturtevant, L.P., and Speiran, G.K., 2018, Hydrologic conditions and simulation of groundwater and surface water in the Great Dismal Swamp of Virginia and North Carolina: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018-5056, 67 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185056.