des indicators of vegetation timing and quality through metrics such as start of season (SOS), peak instantaneous rate of green-up date (PIRGd), peak of season (POS), end of season (EOS), and integrated vegetation indices. Few comparisons guide users in dataset selection, examine a large spatial extent, and include multiple metrics. This study compares metrics from 10 leading remote sensing datasets against a network of PhenoCam near-surface cameras throughout the Western United States from 2002-2014. Correlation (R2) and mean bias varied substantially by dataset, metric, and land cover. The closest association with PhenoCam measured phenology metrics represented a date (SOS, PIRGd, POS, and EOS) rather than a duration (length of spring, length of growing season), with R2 of individual datasets ranging from 0.03 (SOS) – 0.55 (PIRGd), and absolute value of mean bias ranging from 0.38 (PIRGd) – 37.92 days (EOS). Datasets had higher agreement with PhenoCam metrics in shrublands, grasslands, and deciduous/broadleaf forests than in evergreen forests. Productivity metrics agreed worse than phenology metrics, though some datasets showed high correlations in deciduous/broadleaf forests. Using the two datasets that agreed best with PhenoCam metrics and covered 1982-2016, we conducted a trend analysis to study changes to growing seasons. Trends in phenology exhibited substantial spatial heterogeneity in the direction of trend for both datasets. Variability of metrics increased over time in some areas, particularly in the Southwest. Approximately 60% of pixels had consistent trend direction (both earlier and later) for SOS, POS, and EOS. In all ecoregions except Mediterranean California EOS trended toward a later date. This study provides a comprehensive comparison of remote sensing datasets across many important phenology and productivity metrics and discusses considerations for users to make informed decisions about their data choices.
|Title||Comparative performance and trend of remotely sensed phenology and productivity metrics across the Western United States|
|Authors||Tabitha Graves, Ethan Edward Berman, Nathaniel Mikle, J. A. Merkle, Aaron Johnston, Geneva W. Chong|
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Series Title||Remote Sensing|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center|