Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

ECCOE Landsat Quarterly Calibration and Validation report—Quarter 2, 2022

October 19, 2022

Executive Summary

The U.S. Geological Survey Earth Resources Observation and Science Calibration and Validation (Cal/Val) Center of Excellence (ECCOE) focuses on improving the accuracy, precision, calibration, and product quality of remote-sensing data, leveraging years of multiscale optical system geometric and radiometric calibration and characterization experience. The ECCOE Landsat Cal/Val Team continually monitors the geometric and radiometric performance of active Landsat missions and makes calibration adjustments, as needed, to maintain data quality at the highest level.

This report provides observed geometric and radiometric analysis results for Landsats 7–8 for quarter 2 (April–June), 2022. All data used to compile the Cal/Val analysis results presented in this report are freely available from the U.S. Geological Survey EarthExplorer website:

One specific activity that the ECCOE Landsat Cal/Val Team closely monitored was the lowering of the Landsat 7 orbit. On April 6, 2022, the Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) sensor was placed into standby mode, and a series of spacecraft burns was completed throughout the month of April to lower the satellite’s orbit by 8 kilometers. Imaging resumed at the lower orbit of 697 kilometers on May 5, 2022, extending the science mission to allow for essential data to be acquired during the 2022 Northern Hemisphere fire and growing season. Additional information about the Landsat 7 orbit lowering is here:'s%20primary%20science%20mission%20has%20ended&text=On%20April%206%2C%202022%2C%20the,satellite's%20orbit%20by%208%20kilometers.

Publication Year 2022
Title ECCOE Landsat Quarterly Calibration and Validation report—Quarter 2, 2022
DOI 10.3133/ofr20221092
Authors Md Obaidul Haque, Rajagopalan Rengarajan, Mark Lubke, Md Nahid Hasan, Ashish Shrestha, Fatima Tuz Zafrin Tuli, Jerad L. Shaw, Alex Denevan, Shannon Franks, Esad Micijevic, Michael J. Choate, Cody Anderson, Kurt Thome, Ed Kaita, Julia Barsi, Raviv Levy, Lawrence Ong
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Open-File Report
Series Number 2022-1092
Index ID ofr20221092
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center