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Editorial: Synthetic Aperture Radar and natural hazards: Applications and outlooks

July 17, 2019

The ability of Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) to image the Earth’s surface, even through dense cloud cover and in night-and-day conditions, can facilitate the evaluation and monitoring of natural hazards and the management of natural disasters. The family of SAR satellite sensors orbits the Earth at an altitude ranging from 500 to 800 km, following sun-synchronous, near-polar orbits, slightly inclined with respect to Earth meridians. The most commonly used bands in SAR applications are the C-band (5–6 GHz, ~5,6 cm wavelength), the X-band (8–12 GHz, ~3,1 cm wavelength) and the L-band (1–2 GHz ~23 cm wavelength) with a temporal resolution depending on the satellite revisiting time. The availability of SAR has made a new spectrum of measurements possible on a global and spatial scale not attainable by ground-based studies, revealing critical insights into remote or poorly understood areas (e.g., Biggs et al., 2014). This Research Topics presents a review of articles on the state-of-art in the application of SAR sensors to study surface deformation in different geologic environments and triggered by a variety of processes. The topics discussed range from the analysis of co-seismic deformation (Marryman Boncori) to studies of volcanic unrest (Dzurisin et al., Garthwaite et al.), monitoring of landslides (Bianchini et al.) and ground subsidence in urban areas (Solari et al.).

Publication Year 2019
Title Editorial: Synthetic Aperture Radar and natural hazards: Applications and outlooks
DOI 10.3389/feart.2019.00191
Authors Federico Di Traglia, Andrea Ciampalini, Giuseppe Pezzo, Maurizio Battaglia
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Frontiers in Earth Science
Index ID 70210079
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Volcano Science Center