Geophysical methods offer hydrogeologists unprecedented access to understanding subsurface parameters and processes. In this book, we outline the theory and application of electrical imaging methods, which inject current into the ground and measure the resultant potentials. These data are sensitive to rock type, grain size, porosity, pore fluid electrical conductivity, saturation, and temperature. Here, we describe the physical basis for electrical imaging, parallels between electrical flow equations and the groundwater flow equation, practical considerations for field investigations, data processing and inverse modeling of field data, and how to QA/QC data. We additionally cover two case studies, including a 2-D waterborne survey and a 4-D dataset from a biostimulation experiment.
|Title||Electrical imaging for hydrogeology|
|Authors||Kamini Singha, Timothy C. Johnson, Frederick Day-Lewis, Lee D. Slater|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||WMA - Earth System Processes Division|