Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Estimating daily lake evaporation from biweekly energy‐budget data

October 6, 2017

Estimates of daily lake evaporation based on energy‐budget data are poor because of large
errors associated with quantifying change in lake heat storage over periods of less than about
10 days. Energy‐budget evaporation was determined during approximately biweekly periods at
a northern Minnesota, USA, lake for 5 years. Various combinations of shortwave radiation, air
temperature, wind speed, lake‐surface temperature, and vapour‐pressure difference were
related to energy‐budget evaporation using linear‐regression models in an effort to determine
daily evaporation without requiring the heat‐storage term. The model that combined the product
of shortwave radiation and air temperature with the product of vapour‐pressure difference
and wind speed provided the second best fit based on statistics but provided the best daily
data based on comparisons with evaporation determined with the eddy‐covariance method.
Best‐model daily values ranged from −0.6 to 7.1 mm/day over a 5‐year period. Daily averages
of best‐model evaporation and eddy‐covariance evaporation were nearly identical for all
28 days of comparisons with a standard deviation of the differences between the two
methods of 0.68 mm/day. Best‐model daily evaporation also was compared with two other
evaporation models, Jensen–Haise and a mass‐transfer model. Best‐model daily values were
substantially improved relative to Jensen–Haise and mass‐transfer values when daily values
were summed over biweekly energy‐budget periods for comparison with energy‐budget
results.

Citation Information

Publication Year 2017
Title Estimating daily lake evaporation from biweekly energy‐budget data
DOI 10.1002/hyp.11375
Authors Mie Andreasen, Donald O. Rosenberry, David Stannard
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Hydrological Processes
Index ID 70206814
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization WMA - Earth System Processes Division

Related Content