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Flood warning toolset for the Medina River in Bandera County, Texas

August 26, 2019


Floods are the most common natural disaster in the United States. The Medina River in Bandera County, Texas, is in the Edwards Plateau, where high-intensity rain rates and steep terrain frequently contribute to severe flash flooding capable of causing loss of life and property. For example, the July 5, 2002, flood claimed a total of 12 lives in the central Texas area. The estimated peak discharge during this flood at U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) streamflow-gaging station 08178880 Medina River at Bandera, Tex., was 159,000 cubic feet per second (corresponding to a stage or gage height of 38.91 feet), causing significant flooding in Bandera near Mud Creek and farther downstream.

In 2018, the USGS, in cooperation with the Bandera County River Authority and Groundwater District and the Texas Water Development Board, developed a flood early-warning toolset to enhance the communication of flood risk and provide emergency management with additional information to improve flood response and mitigation. This toolset consists of a continuous streamflow-gage monitoring network, a well-calibrated hydraulic model of the Medina River, and a flood-inundation mapper application for the study area. A library of flood-inundation maps tied to the National Weather Service river stage forecast capability is included with the toolset.

Publication Year 2019
Title Flood warning toolset for the Medina River in Bandera County, Texas
DOI 10.3133/fs20193043
Authors Frank Engel, Namjeong Choi
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Fact Sheet
Series Number 2019-3043
Index ID fs20193043
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Texas Water Science Center