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Formation of a low-crystalline Zn-silicate in a stream in SW Sardinia, Italy

December 31, 2013

n southwestern Sardinia, Italy, the Rio Naracauli drains a catchment that includes several abandoned mines. The drainage from the mines and associated waste rocks has led to extreme concentrations of dissolved Zn, but because of the near-neutral pH, concentrations of other metals remain low. In the reach from approximately 2300 to 3000 m downstream from the headwaters area, an amorphous Zn-silicate precipitates from the water. In this reach, concentrations of both Zn and silica remain nearly constant, but the loads (measured in mass/time) of both increase, suggesting that new Zn and silica are supplied to the stream, likely from emerging groundwater. Zinc isotope signatures of the solid are heavier than the dissolved Zn by about 0.5 permil in 66/64Zn, suggesting that an extracellular biologically mediated adsorption process may be involved in the formation of the Zn-silicate.

Publication Year 2013
Title Formation of a low-crystalline Zn-silicate in a stream in SW Sardinia, Italy
DOI 10.1016/j.proeps.2013.03.030
Authors Richard B. Wanty, G. De Giudici, P. Onnis, D. Rutherford, B. A. Kimball, F. Podda, R. Cidu, P. Lattanzi, D. Medas
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Procedia Earth and Planetary Science
Index ID 70189084
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Crustal Geophysics and Geochemistry Science Center