Freshwater enhancement of anadromous salmonid populations has been practiced in the United States and Canada since the late 1800's. Reduction of natural spawning habitat and increasing fishing pressure make artificial enhancement a possible alternative to declining populations.
Enhancement of anadromous salmonids involved improvement of the natural environment and reducing natural mortality. Methods of enhancement include fishways, spawning and rearing channels, stream rehabilitation, lake fertilization, environmental management, and artificial propagation techniques.
Five Pacific salmon species and steelhead trout are commonly enhanced, primarily in watershed entering the Pacific Ocean and Great Lakes. Enhancement efforts contribute heavily to a commercial and sport industry realizing over $1.5 billion.
|Title||Freshwater aspects of anadromous salmonid enhancement|
|Authors||Rowan W. Gould|
|Publication Subtype||Federal Government Series|
|Series Title||NOAA Technical Report NMFS Circular|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||Leetown Science Center|