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General field and office procedures for indirect discharge measurements

January 1, 1994

The discharge of streams is usually measured by the current-meter method. During flood periods, however, it is frequently impossible or impractical to measure the discharges by this method when they occur. Consequently, many peak discharges must be determined after the passage of the flood by indirect methods, such as slope-area, contracted-opening, flow-over-dam, and flow-through-culvert, rather than by direct current-meter measurement. Indirect methods of determining peak discharge are based on hydraulic equations which relate the discharge to the water-surface profile and the geometry of the channel. A field survey is made after the flood to determine the location and elevation of high-water marks and the characteristics of the channel. Detailed descriptions of the general procedures used in collecting the field data and in computing the discharge are given in this report. Each of the methods requires special procedures described in subsequent chapters.

Citation Information

Publication Year 1967
Title General field and office procedures for indirect discharge measurements
DOI 10.3133/twri03A1
Authors M. A. Benson, Tate Dalrymple
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Techniques of Water-Resources Investigations
Series Number 03-A1
Index ID twri03A1
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization