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Geologic map of the Dusar area, Herat Province, Afghanistan; Modified from the 1973 original map compilations of V.I. Tarasenko and others

October 24, 2017

The geologic maps and cross sections presented in this report are redrafted and modified versions of the Geologic map and map of useful minerals of the Dusar area (scale 1:50,000) and Geologic sketch map of the Dusar and Namak-sory ore occurrences (scale 1:10,000), located in the Herat Province, Afghanistan. The original maps and cross sections are contained in unpublished Soviet report no. 0290 (Tarasenko and others, 1973) prepared in cooperation with the Ministry of Mines and Industries of the Royal Government of Afghanistan, in Kabul during 1973 under contract no. 50728. The redrafted maps and cross sections (modified from Tarasenko and others, 1973) illustrate the geological structure and mineral occurrences of the Dusar copper-gold-silver-lead-zinc prospect area of western Afghanistan, located within the Dusar-Shaida copper and tin area of interest (AOI), Herat Province, Afghanistan.

Mineralization in the Dusar area is hosted within Early Jurassic to Early Cretaceous stratified volcanic and sedimentary rocks associated with numerous diabase and gabbro-diabase intrusive bodies and is generally near a major northeast-trending system of faults and quartz veins. Host rocks consist of quartz keratophyre and quartz-feldspar porphyry, with layers of schist, phyllite, and quartz-chlorite and chlorite-sericite slate; and limestone and shale, with schist and carbonate-chlorite and chlorite slate. Known mineralization includes an extensive quartz vein system, shown on the map as the “northern occurrence,” as well as the Dusar and Namak-sory gossan zones, interpreted to have formed from remnant pyrite mineralization. The veins of the northern occurrence and their altered host rocks are known to contain anomalous to economic concentrations of precious and base metals, with concentrations locally in excess of 2 parts per million gold, 100 parts per million silver, 5 percent copper, and 1 percent lead. These veins occur in swarms, and are hosted along structures that are approximately concordant with the plane of the metamorphic fabric. The veins consist mostly of quartz, with minor carbonate and sulfide minerals, and display weak alteration halos along their margins. The gossans are locally anomalous in these metals, but their size and extent makes them attractive exploration targets for potential massive sulfide mineralization.

The Dusar gossan zone is a massive, ochreous, and siliceous limonitic rock, approximately 2,200 meters long, 30 to 250 meters wide, and 2.0 to 7.2 meters thick. Drilling below the Dusar gossan intersected a siliceous, sericitic, and limonitic rock underlain by quartz keratophyre with abundant disseminated pyrite. Mineralized sections grade 0.06 weight percent copper and up to 0.05 weight percent zinc. The Namak-sory gossan zone contains a similar deposit with anomalous concentrations of copper, zinc, and gold.

The redrafted maps and cross sections reproduce the topology of rock units, contacts, and faults of the original Soviet maps and cross sections, and include minor modifications based on examination of the originals and observations made during two brief field visits by USGS staff in August, 2010, and June, 2013.

Publication Year 2017
Title Geologic map of the Dusar area, Herat Province, Afghanistan; Modified from the 1973 original map compilations of V.I. Tarasenko and others
DOI 10.3133/ofr20171126
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Open-File Report
Series Number 2017-1126
Index ID ofr20171126
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Eastern Geology and Paleoclimate Science Center