The Fortymile River area lies within the Yukon-Tanana lithotectonic terrane of east-central Alaska. This terrane is a mosaic of several lithotectonic assemblages, each with a coherent lithologic, metamorphic, and deformational history. Previous workers have shown that the Fortymile River area is underlain by rocks of the Seventymile, Taylor Mountain, and Nisutlin assemblages. The Taylor Mountain tectonostratigraphic assemblage is the most widespread within study area and is made up of amphibolite-grade Paleozoic(?) metamorphosed supracrustal rocks that have been intruded by plutonic rocks. The protoliths for the supracrustal rocks include mafic volcanic(?) rocks, graywacke, sulfide-rich siliciclastic sediments, quartz-rich sandstone, pelite, and marble, all of which are cut by late sulfide-bearing quartz veins. The mafic metavolcanic(?) rocks are of both tholeiitic and calc-alkalic affinity and have distinctly different rare-earth-element abundances. The supracrustal rocks are interpreted to have been deposited on a continental margin and (or) distal to an island-arc complex in a back-arc basin.
The Steele Creek Dome Tonalite is defined herein as a composite body of foliated biotite-hornblende tonalitic orthogneiss containing country-rock rafts of paragneiss. The complex lies within the Taylor Mountain assemblage and has been tectonized and presumably recrystallized during regional Early Jurassic ductile deformation. The tonalite is compositionally similar to other volcanic-arc granites. The entire sequence was intruded by a Early Jurassic(?) hornblende monzodioritediorite-quartz diorite suite.
The area has been subjected to at least three phases of deformation. The first (D1) produced a strong regional S1 schistosity and local mineral lineations. The second (D2) deformation generated tight to isoclinal F2 folds, folding the S1 schistosity and L1 mineral lineations, and was accompanied by a weak axial-planar S2 cleavage and both L2 mineral and stretching lineations. The question remains if the D1 and D2 tectonic fabrics either (1) record end members of a continuous, relatively long lived, progressive ductile deformation associated with the peak regional metamorphism and northward-directed thrusting; or (2) were separate and distinct pulses of tectonism. The youngest deformation recognized (D3) folded the ductile fabric elements about south-plunging, east-vergent, open folds and records east-west-directed tectonic shortening.
|Title||Geologic setting of the Fortymile River area - Polyphase deformational history within part of the eastern Yukon-Tanana uplands of Alaska: A section in Geologic studies in Alaska by the U.S. Geological Survey, 1998|
|Authors||Warren C. Day, Bruce M. Gamble, Mitchell W. Henning, Bruce D. Smith|
|Publication Subtype||USGS Numbered Series|
|Series Title||Professional Paper|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||Central Mineral and Environmental Resources Science Center; Crustal Geophysics and Geochemistry Science Center|