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Health and disease treatment in captive and reintroduced Whooping Cranes

September 7, 2018

The principles and applications of medicine in Whooping Cranes (Grus americana) are similar to that for other crane species, though the necessity of managing Whooping Crane health across the captive, reintroduced, and remnant populations poses particular challenges. In this chapter, we review the important aspects of crane medicine relevant to managing Whooping Cranes in captive and reintroduced environments. We pay special attention to viral, parasitic, fungal, and bacterial diseases that are important to manage for reintroduction efforts to be successful. We also introduce some common aspects of treatment and surgery. Anesthesia is important for successful surgery and is discussed. Radio transmitter implant surgery, as it applies to studying causes of mortality in wild Whooping Crane chicks, is included as a subject of special interest to recovery efforts. Orthopedic problems, which pose a major challenge to the healthy development of young, captive-reared cranes, are discussed. Treatment and vaccination recommendations are made to aid in producing healthy Whooping Cranes for reintroduction to the wild. The literature about crane medicine is reviewed along with the personal insights of the three authors, and an overview of the development of crane medicine programs is included.

Publication Year 2019
Title Health and disease treatment in captive and reintroduced Whooping Cranes
DOI 10.1016/B978-0-12-803555-9.00019-0
Authors Glenn H. Olsen, Barry Hartup, Sandie Black
Publication Type Book Chapter
Index ID 70195004
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Patuxent Wildlife Research Center