During summer 2010, an agreement was made between the US Geological SurveyColumbia River Research Laboratory (USGS-CRRL) and the Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs (CTWS) to operate an experimental Passive Integrated Transponder (PIT)-tag interrogation system (PTIS) near the mouth of the Hood River for a year and provide fishdetection efficiency estimates (Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) project number 1988- 053-03, contract number 50150). A previous agreement between Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW) and USGS-CRRL had funded materials acquisition, construction, and installation of the PTIS (BPA project number 1988-053-04, contract number 48684). The primary purpose of the project was to test the efficacy of a PTIS in the lower Hood River for providing data on returning adult salmonids to the Hood River as part of the Hood River Production Monitor and Evaluation project (HRPME).
Because PIT tags are small, relatively inexpensive, carry no internal battery, and last through the lifespan of most fishes, they are commonly used in long term fish monitoring projects. They have been extensively used in the Columbia River basin to monitor salmonid behavior and survival through life stages and migration routes in the mainstem Columbia River (Skalski et al. 1998; Zabel and Achord 2004). Increasingly, PIT-tag detection equipment has been deployed in streams to investigate salmonid behavior (Zydlewski et al. 2001, 2006; Riley et al. 2003; Bond et al. 2007). Most of the detection systems deployed and evaluated to date have been in much smaller streams than the mainstem of the Hood River (Zydlewski et al. 2001, 2006; Bond et al. 2007; Horton et al. 2007; Connolly et al. 2008), but researchers are attempting to expand detection abilities to larger streams and rivers. Large streams and rivers can prove extremely challenging to monitor. Some systems have showed promise for contributing valuable detection data, others have proved less successful. A detection system in the Klamath River (Beeman et al. 2012), a site similar in size to the Hood River, suffered problems from cables being dislodged and high water that resulted in a detection efficiency estimate for juvenile coho salmon of less than 0.05.
An additional USGS-CRRL task, under contract number 50150, was to build three antennas for use with Destron-Fearing 2001F-ISO PIT tag readers. These antennas would be 5 used at the East Fork Hood River Acclimation site. They would be placed in the outflow channel to inform managers about the number of PIT tagged steelhead smolts released to the Hood River after a period of acclimation when some mortality and predation might occur.
|Title||Hood River PIT-tag interrogation system efficiency study. Annual report of U.S. Geological Survey activities: November 2010-October 2011|
|Authors||Ian G. Jezorek, Patrick J. Connolly|
|Publication Subtype||Other Government Series|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||Western Fisheries Research Center|