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India National Gas Hydrate Program Expedition 02 summary of scientific results: Evaluation of natural gas hydrate-bearing pressure cores

October 16, 2018

India’s National Gas Hydrate Program (NGHP) Expedition-02 was conducted in 2015 with the goal of investigating numerous locations that had been determined to be prospective for gas hydrate at high saturation in sand-rich reservoirs. Initial logging while drilling data revealed extensive sand-rich gas hydrate occurrences at multiple drill sites in two broad areas. These sites were further investigated through the acquisition and analyses of pressure cores designed to document 1) gas hydrate occurrence within the reservoirs; 2) the petrophysical nature of the reservoir and associated seals, in their native state as well as during and after the dissociation of gas hydrate; 3) the geomechanical nature of the reservoir and seals; and 4) the geochemical nature of reservoir fluids. The cores were initially evaluated at sea, and select subsamples were transferred for more extensive analyses at specialized laboratories both in Japan and in the United States. The samples encompassed a wide range of gas hydrate saturation (from 0 to 100%) within reservoir sediments ranging from sandy silts to gravels, providing opportunities to extend and refine insights into the nature of gas hydrate reservoirs gained in previous programs. Select findings and implications of this coordinated pressure-core evaluation program are reported in numerous papers within the NGHP-02 Special Thematic Volume and are summarized here with respect to the following issues: the evaluation and mitigation of core disturbance, the assessment of gas hydrate occurrence and saturation, the geomechanics and petrophysics of both reservoirs and “seals” in situ, and the potential dynamic geomechanical and petrophysical behavior of reservoir and seals during production.