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Interparticle collision of natural sediment grains in water

January 1, 2001

Elastohydrodynamic theory and measurements of particle impacts on an inclined glass plane in water are used to investigate the mechanics of interparticle collisions in sediment‐transporting flows. A collision Stokes number is proposed as a measure of the momentum of an interparticle collision versus the viscous pressure force in the interstitial gap between colliding particles. The viscous pressure force opposes motion of the particles on approach and rebound. A Stokes number of between 39 and 105 is estimated as the critical range below which particle impacts are completely viscously damped and above which impacts are partially elastic. The critical Stokes number is shown to roughly coincide with the Bagnold number transition between macroviscous and grain inertial debris flows and the transition between damped and partially elastic bed load transport saltation impacts. The nonspherical nature of natural particles significantly alters the motion of the center of mass after a partially elastic collision. The normal to the point of contact between the particles does not necessarily go through the center of mass. Thus normal rebound of the center of mass may not occur. A model of particle motion after rebound for particles of arbitrary shape, conserving both linear and angular momentum, is proposed.

Publication Year 2001
Title Interparticle collision of natural sediment grains in water
DOI 10.1029/2001WR000531
Authors Mark W. Schmeeckle, Jonathan M. Nelson, John Pitlick, James P. Bennett
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Water Resources Research
Index ID 70023700
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse