Large multi-site trend studies provide an opportunity to evaluate progress of waterbodies towards water-quality goals across broad geographic areas. Such studies often aggregate the results of site-specific models and thus contend with evaluating each model for appropriate fit and statistical assumptions. We explored the use of four traditional machine learning models (logistic regression, linear and quadratic discriminant analysis, and k-nearest neighbors) to perform these checks and estimate probabilities that an analyst would publish or reject a site-specific trend model from a multi-site study. We trained these “model-checking models” (MCMs) using a national study of over 6000 trend models and tested the MCMs using a smaller set of novel trend models. Although the MCMs did not perform well enough to bypass analyst review entirely, we found incorporating an MCM into a larger evaluation workflow can reduce the number of trend models needing an analyst review by more than half.
|Title||Leveraging machine learning to automate regression model evaluations for large multi-site water-quality trend studies|
|Authors||Jennifer C. Murphy, Jeffrey G. Chanat|
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Series Title||Environmental Modeling and Software|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||Virginia Water Science Center; Central Midwest Water Science Center|