Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Mammalian sensitivity to elemental gold (Au?)

June 16, 2010

There is increasing documentation of allergic contact dermatitis and other effects from gold jewelry, gold dental restorations, and gold implants. These effects were especially pronounced among females wearing body-piercing gold objects. One estimate of the prevalence of gold allergy worldwide is 13%, as judged by patch tests with monovalent organogold salts. Eczema of the head and neck was the most common response of individuals hypersensitive to gold, and sensitivity can last for at least several years. Ingestion of beverages containing flake gold can result in allergic-type reactions similar to those seen in gold-allergic individuals exposed to gold through dermal contact and other routes. Studies with small laboratory mammals and injected doses of colloidal gold showed increased body temperatures, accumulations in reticular cells, and dose enhancement in tumor therapy; gold implants were associated with tissue injuries. It is proposed that Au? toxicity to mammals is associated, in part, with formation of the more reactive Au+ and Au3+ species.

Citation Information

Publication Year 2004
Title Mammalian sensitivity to elemental gold (Au?)
DOI 10.1385/BTER:100:1:001
Authors R. Eisler
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Biological Trace Element Research
Series Number
Index ID 5224015
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Patuxent Wildlife Research Center