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Management of wetlands for wildlife

January 1, 2013

Wetlands are highly productive ecosystems that provide habitat for a diversity of wildlife species and afford various ecosystem services. Managing wetlands effectively requires an understanding of basic ecosystem processes, animal and plant life history strategies, and principles of wildlife management. Management techniques that are used differ depending on target species, coastal versus interior wetlands, and available infrastructure, resources, and management objectives. Ideally, wetlands are managed as a complex, with many successional stages and hydroperiods represented in close proximity. Managing wetland wildlife typically involves manipulating water levels and vegetation in the wetland, and providing an upland buffer. Commonly, levees and water control structures are used to manipulate wetland hydrology in combination with other management techniques (e.g., disking, burning, herbicide application) to create desired plant and wildlife responses. In the United States, several conservation programs are available to assist landowners in developing wetland management infrastructure on their property. Managing wetlands to increase habitat quality for wildlife is critical, considering this ecosystem is one of the most imperiled in the world.

Publication Year 2013
Title Management of wetlands for wildlife
DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-6907-6_4
Authors Matthew J. Gray, Heath M. Hagy, J. Andrew Nyman, Joshua D. Stafford
Publication Type Book Chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Index ID 70174138
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Coop Res Unit Leetown