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Methods for measuring discharge under ice cover

January 1, 1994

Streamflow-velocity adjustment coefficients at several common vertical positions varied significantly from station to station and from measurement to measurement at some stations. The ice-cover roughness was the primary factor affecting the profiles at most stations. Several discharge-measurement procedures were developed using one-half of the data collected, and the accuracy of the procedures were evaluated using the other half of the data. The relative error for each method was computed by comparing estimated discharge to discharge computed using complete vertical-profile information. Two procedures - a one-point method with velocity measured at 0.4D (where D is the effective depth of flow) using a site-specific adjustment coefficient and a two-point method using velocity measured at 0.4D and 0.8D - were found to be the most accurate in terms of bias and root-mean-squared error. -from Author

Citation Information

Publication Year 1994
Title Methods for measuring discharge under ice cover
DOI 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9429(1994)120:11(1327)
Authors J.F. Walker
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Journal of Hydraulic Engineering
Index ID 70017377
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse