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Modeling chinook salmon with SALMOD on the Sacramento River, California

January 1, 2004

Four races of Pacific salmon crowd the Sacramento River below a large reservoir that prevents access to historical spawning grounds. Each race is keyed to spawn at specific times through the year. A salmon population model was used to estimate: (1) the effects that unique run timing, interacting with seasonal river flows and water temperatures, have on each race; and (2) which habitats appeared to be the most limiting for each race. The model appeared to perform well without substantive calibration. Late fall, winter, and spring run Chinook do not appear to have the same production potential as fall run Chinook even though fall run production is more variable than that for the other three races. Spring fish have the lowest production on average, and production appears to be declining through time, perhaps making that race harder to recover should the population become more depressed. Rearing habitat appears to be the factor most limiting production for all races, but water temperature is responsible for most year-to-year production variation.

Publication Year 2004
Title Modeling chinook salmon with SALMOD on the Sacramento River, California
DOI 10.1051/hydro:2004012
Authors J.M. Bartholow
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Hydroécologie Appliquée
Index ID 1015157
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Fort Collins Science Center