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Modeling the compensatory response of an invasive tree to specialist insect herbivory

November 14, 2017

The severity of the effects of herbivory on plant fitness can be moderated by the ability of plants to compensate for biomass loss. Compensation is an important component of the ecological fitness in many plants, and has been shown to reduce the effects of pests on agricultural plant yields. It can also reduce the effectiveness of biocontrol through introduced herbivores in controlling weedy invasive plants. This study used a modeling approach to predict the effect of different levels of foliage herbivory by biological control agents introduced to control the invasive tree Melaleuca quinquennervia (melaleuca) in Florida. It is assumed in the model that melaleuca can optimally change its carbon and nitrogen allocation strategies in order to compensate for the effects of herbivory. The model includes reallocation of more resources to production and maintenance of photosynthetic tissues at the expense of roots. This compensation is shown to buffer the severity of the defoliation effect, but the model predicts a limit on the maximum herbivory that melaleuca can tolerate and survive. The model also shows that the level of available limiting nutrient (e.g., soil nitrogen) may play an important role in a melaleuca’s ability to compensate for herbivory. This study has management implications for the best ways to maximize the level of damage using biological control or other means of defoliation.

Publication Year 2018
Title Modeling the compensatory response of an invasive tree to specialist insect herbivory
DOI 10.1016/j.biocontrol.2017.11.002
Authors Bo Zhang, Xin Liu, Donald L. DeAngelis, Lu Zhai, Min B. Rayamajhi, Shu Ju
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Biological Control
Index ID 70194077
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Wetland and Aquatic Research Center