Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

North American ducks

January 1, 1995

Increased predation and habitat degradation and destruction coupled with drought, especially on breeding grounds, have caused the declines of some duck populations. More than 30 species of fucks breed in North America, in areas as diverse as the Arctic tundra and the subtropics of Florida and Mexico. For many of these species, however, the Prairie Pothole region of the north-central United States and south-central Canada is the most important breeding area, although migratory behavior and the life histories of different species lead them to use many wetland habitats.

Numerous sources of information are available on the status of duck populations in North America. The two most comprehensive and reliable sources are the Breeding Population and Habitat Survey, conducted since 1955 and encompassing the Prairie Pothole region, boreal forests, and tundra habitats from South Dakota to Alaska (Caithammer et al. 1993), and the Midwinter Survey, encompassing the United States and portions of Canada and Mexico at regular intervals. Results from these surveys are the basis for this article.

Publication Year 1995
Title North American ducks
Authors David F. Caithamer, Graham W. Smith
Publication Type Book Chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Index ID 70148557
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse