Two stations on the Galena River in Illinois were monitored for nitrogen, phosphorus, and suspended sediment from 2019 to 2021 to determine physiochemical properties and constituent concentrations, flux, and yields. This information could aide in the management and understanding of the Galena River and the contributions from the intervening 58-square-mile study area watershed. Constituent concentrations were characteristic for contemporary midwestern agricultural watersheds and did not display any notable high or low values. Concentrations of nitrogen were generally higher at the upstream station, whereas concentrations of phosphorus and suspended sediment were generally higher at the downstream station. Decreases in nutrient concentrations were observed at both stations during the study period, but there was no appreciable pattern in suspended-sediment concentrations. Constituent fluxes, particularly nitrogen, were higher at the downstream station, whereas fluxes of phosphorus and suspended sediment were higher at the upstream station during several high-flow events, indicating substantial contribution of particulate material upstream from the study area and potential sequestration within the study area reach of the Galena River. For all constituents, yields were typically higher at the upstream station during periods of increased streamflow and lower at the upstream station during periods of reduced streamflow. These data indicate that the constituent contributions are greater from within the study area than from the watershed upstream from the study area during periods of normal to low streamflow.
|Title||Nutrient and suspended-sediment concentrations, flux, and yields in the Galena River, Illinois, 2019–21|
|Authors||Paul J. Terrio, Luis A. Garcia|
|Publication Subtype||USGS Numbered Series|
|Series Title||Scientific Investigations Report|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|