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Outburst floods

December 30, 2020

Outbursts from impounded water bodies produce large, hazardous, and geomorphically significant floods affecting the Earth as well as other planetary surfaces. Two broad classes of impoundments are: (1) valleys blocked by ice, landslides, constructed dams, and volcanic materials; and (2) closed basins such as tectonic depressions, calderas, meteor craters, and those rimmed by glaciers and moraines. In some environments, floods emanate from subglacial and subterranean sources. Outburst floods are geomorphically important over geologic time because large flows achieve exceptional shear stress and stream power values, thus forming some of the most spectacular landscapes in the solar system.

Citation Information

Publication Year 2020
Title Outburst floods
DOI 10.1016/B978-0-12-818234-5.00007-9
Authors Jim E. O'Connor, John J. Clague, Joseph S. Walder, Vernon Manville, Robin A. Beebee
Publication Type Book Chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Index ID 70217224
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center

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