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Precipitation-driven flood-inundation mapping of Muddy Creek at Harrisonville, Missouri

December 14, 2022

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the city of Harrisonville, Missouri, assessed flooding of Muddy Creek resulting from varying precipitation magnitudes and durations, antecedent runoff conditions, and channel modifications (cleaned culverts and added detention storage). The precipitation scenarios were used to develop a library of flood-inundation maps that included a 3.8-mile reach of Muddy Creek and tributaries within and adjacent to the city.

Hydrologic and hydraulic models of the upper Muddy Creek study basin were used to assess streamflow magnitudes associated with simulated precipitation amounts and the resulting flood-inundation conditions. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Hydrologic Engineering Center-Hydrologic Modeling System (HEC–HMS; version 4.4.1) was used to simulate the amount of streamflow produced from a range of precipitation events. The Hydrologic Engineering Center-River Analysis System (HEC–RAS; version 5.0.7) was then used to route streamflows and map resulting areas of flood inundation.

The hydrologic and hydraulic models were calibrated to the September 28, 2019; May 27, 2021; and June 25, 2021, runoff events representing a range of antecedent runoff conditions and hydrologic responses. The calibrated HEC–HMS model was used to simulate streamflows from design rainfall events of 30-minute to 24-hour durations and ranging from a 100- to 0.1-percent annual exceedance probability. Flood-inundation maps were produced for reference stages of 1.0 foot (ft), or near bankfull, to 4.0 ft, or a stage exceeding the 0.1-percent annual exceedance probability interval precipitation, using the HEC–RAS model. The results of each precipitation duration-frequency value were represented by a 0.5-ft increment inundation map based on the generated peak streamflow from that rainfall event and the corresponding stage at the Muddy Creek reference location.

Seven scenarios were developed with the HEC–HMS hydrologic model with resulting streamflows routed in a HEC–RAS hydraulic model, and these scenarios varied by antecedent runoff condition and potential channel modifications. The same precipitation scenarios were used in each of the seven antecedent runoff and channel conditions, and the simulation results were assigned to a flood-inundation map condition based on the generated peak flow and corresponding stage at the Muddy Creek reference location.

Publication Year 2022
Title Precipitation-driven flood-inundation mapping of Muddy Creek at Harrisonville, Missouri
DOI 10.3133/sir20225084
Authors David C. Heimann, Paul H. Rydlund
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Scientific Investigations Report
Series Number 2022-5084
Index ID sir20225084
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Central Midwest Water Science Center