Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

ROV dives under Great Lakes ice

January 1, 1989

Observations of the underside of ice have a wide variety of applications. Severe under-ice roughness can affect ice movements, rough under-ice surfaces can scour the bottom disturbing biota and man-made structures such as pipelines, and the flow rate of rivers is often affected by under-ice roughness. A few reported observations of the underside of an ice cover have been made, usually by cutting a large block of ice and overturning it, by extensive boring, or by remote sensing. Such operations are extremely labor-intensive and, in some cases, prone to inaccuracies. Remotely operated vehicles (ROV) can partially solve these problems. In this note, we describe the use, performance in a hostile environment, and results of a study in which a ROV was deployed under the ice in Lake Erie (North American Great Lakes).

Publication Year 1989
Title ROV dives under Great Lakes ice
DOI 10.1016/0165-232X(89)90010-4
Authors S. J. Bolsenga, John E. Gannon, Gregory Kennedy, D. C. North, Charles E. Herdendorf
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Cold Regions Science and Technology
Index ID 1000536
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Great Lakes Science Center