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In situ distributions of magnetic susceptibility in some igneous rocks

May 31, 2018

Measurements of in-situ magnetic susceptibility were compiled from mainly Precambrian crystalline basement rocks beneath the Colorado Plateau and ranges in Arizona, Colorado, and New Mexico. The susceptibility meter used samples about 33 cubic centimeters of rock and measures variations in the modal distribution of magnetic minerals that form a minor component volumetrically in these coarsely crystalline granitic to granodioritic rocks. Recent measurements include 50-150 measurements on each outcrop and show that the distribution of magnetic susceptibilities is highly variable, multimodal and strongly non-Gaussian so that a mean value has little significance. Rock bodies with the most multimodal distributions generally have complex tectonic histories including metamorphism and multiple tectonic events. Variations between outcrops within the same rock body are large; however, where distributions overlap, measurements appear to fill gaps within modal peaks. Histograms of measurements are a better representation of the magnetic susceptibility distribution for a given rock body than mean and standard deviation. The best effective magnetic susceptibility estimate for an outcrop can be obtained by computing themagnetic force of the measurements 3-5 m above the outcrop and finding the constant susceptibility that gives an equal integral of the force. The multifractal distribution of the minor minerals in the rocks explains the observed multimodal distributions of magnetic susceptibility at millimeter to meter scales.

Citation Information

Publication Year 2019
Title In situ distributions of magnetic susceptibility in some igneous rocks
DOI
Authors Mark E. Gettings
Publication Type Book Chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Series Title
Series Number
Index ID 70203182
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center