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Slug-test analysis of selected wells at an earthen dam site in southern Westchester County, New York

December 9, 2019

In 2005, the U.S. Geological Survey began a cooperative study with the New York City Department of Environmental Protection to characterize the local groundwater-flow system and identify potential sources of seeps on the southern embankment of the Hillview Reservoir in southern Westchester County, New York. The earthen embankment comprises low-permeability glacial clays that were excavated from the site and rest on a veneer of low-permeability glacial deposits that overlie crystalline bedrock. At least two groundwater-flow zones—one shallow and the other deep—overlie the bedrock at the reservoir. As part of the study, slug-test data from 38 screened wells were analyzed to determine the hydraulic conductivity of the sediments in the groundwater-flow zones. Slug-test data were collected from 12 wells at the Hillview Reservoir during August 2007 and from 25 wells at the reservoir and 1 monitoring well south of the reservoir in northern Bronx County in June 2012.

Hydraulic conductivity values at the reservoir ranged from 0.0012 to 2 feet per day. On the southern embankment, hydraulic conductivity ranged from 0.0026 to 1 foot per day for wells screened in the shallow saturated zone; 0.0012 to 2 feet per day for wells screened in the deep saturated zone; and 0.021 to 0.27 foot per day for wells screened in the toe of the southern embankment, where the deep and shallow saturated zones coalesce. A hydraulic conductivity of 0.016 foot per day was determined for a well partially screened in the crystalline-bedrock aquifer, which potentially indicates an interconnection of transmissive fractures near the bedrock surface. The results of four slug-out tests are also included in this report to quality assure the hydraulic conductivity estimates from the slug-in test analysis. The results of the four slug-out tests were within 8 percent of slug-in test results, with an average of less than 2 percent.

Publication Year 2019
Title Slug-test analysis of selected wells at an earthen dam site in southern Westchester County, New York
DOI 10.3133/ofr20191102
Authors Michael L. Noll, Anthony Chu, William D. Capurso
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Open-File Report
Series Number 2019-1102
Index ID ofr20191102
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization New York Water Science Center