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Solubility-product constant and thermodynamic properties for synthetic otavite, CdCO3(s), and aqueous association constants for the Cd(II)-CO2-H2O system

January 1, 1993

Considerable disparity exists in the published thermodynamic data for selected species in the Cd(II)-CO2-H2O system near 25??C and 1 atm pressure. Evaluation of published experimental and estimated data for aqueous cadmium-carbonate species suggests an association constant, pK, of -3.0 ?? 0.4 for CdCO30, about -1.5 for CdHCO3+, and -6.4 ?? 0.1 for Cd(CO3)22- (T = 298.15 K; P = 1 atm; I = 0). Examination of all available data for cadmium-hydrolysis species and ??-Cd(OH)2(s)) confirms that the consistent set of constants presented by Baes and Mesmer (Hydrolysis of Cations, 1976) is the best available. The solubility of synthetic otavite, CdCO3(s), has been measured in KClO4 solutions where I ??? 0.1 M. We calculated pKsp = 12.1 ?? 0.1 (T = 25.0??C; P = 1 atm; I = 0) from measured concentrations of Cd2+, measured PC02 and pH, our selected set of equilibrium constants, and activity corrections estimated using the Davies equation. Values at 5 and 50??C were 12.4 ?? 0.1 and 12.2 ?? 0.1, respectively. Based on the new solubility data and the CODATA key values for Cd2+ and CO32-, a new set of thermodynamic properties is recommended for otavite: ??Gf0 = -674.7 ?? 0.6 kJ/mol; ??Hf0 = -751.9 ?? 10 kJ/mol; S0 = 106 ?? 30 J/mol K; and ??Gr0 for the reaction Cd2+ + CO32- ??? CdCO3(s) is -69.08 ?? 0.57 kJ/m. ?? 1993.

Publication Year 1993
Title Solubility-product constant and thermodynamic properties for synthetic otavite, CdCO3(s), and aqueous association constants for the Cd(II)-CO2-H2O system
Authors S.L.S. Stipp, George A. Parks, D. Kirk Nordstrom, J.O. Leckie
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Index ID 70018284
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse