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Solute and heat transport model of the Henry and Hilleke laboratory experiment

January 1, 2010

SEAWAT is a coupled version of MODFLOW and MT3DMS designed to simulate variable-density ground water flow and solute transport. The most recent version of SEAWAT, called SEAWAT Version 4, includes new capabilities to represent simultaneous multispecies solute and heat transport. To test the new features in SEAWAT, the laboratory experiment of Henry and Hilleke (1972) was simulated. Henry and Hilleke used warm fresh water to recharge a large sand-filled glass tank. A cold salt water boundary was represented on one side. Adjustable heating pads were used to heat the bottom and left sides of the tank. In the laboratory experiment, Henry and Hilleke observed both salt water and fresh water flow systems separated by a narrow transition zone. After minor tuning of several input parameters with a parameter estimation program, results from the SEAWAT simulation show good agreement with the experiment. SEAWAT results suggest that heat loss to the room was more than expected by Henry and Hilleke, and that multiple thermal convection cells are the likely cause of the widened transition zone near the hot end of the tank. Other computer programs with similar capabilities may benefit from benchmark testing with the Henry and Hilleke laboratory experiment. Journal Compilation ?? 2009 National Ground Water Association.

Citation Information

Publication Year 2010
Title Solute and heat transport model of the Henry and Hilleke laboratory experiment
DOI 10.1111/j.1745-6584.2009.00596.x
Authors C.D. Langevin, A.M. Dausman, M.C. Sukop
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Ground Water
Series Number
Index ID 70037666
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization