The calibration of gravimeters has long been primarily the concern of geodesists involved in measuring large gravity differences, but recent developments suggest that the precision and stability of gravimeter calibrations may have greater geologic importance in the future. First, the use of high-speed computers and an increasing variety of supplemental data now make possible the geologic interpretation of gravity anomalies so small that they would not have been noticed in surveys made ten years ago. The kind of gravity interpretation that identifies small reefs and local accumulations of petroleum [McCulloh, 1967] often requires local increases in station density and the assurance that the calibration of meters used in all parts of a survey are compatible. Second, temporal changes of gravity have already been measured in connection with earthquakes [Barnes, 1966], volcanic eruptions [Iida et al, 1952], and the movement of ice caps [Behrendt, 1967]; they are now being considered for several other types of geologic processes.
|Title||Standardization of gravimeter calibrations in the geological survey|
|Authors||David F. Barnes, Howard W. Oliver, Stephen L. Robbins|
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Series Title||Eos Science News|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|